lager beer, lager-beer, lager n.
- from Lagerbier "storehouse or stored beer":
a beer which is aged for several months after it has been brewed. See
further example under stein.
- "'Now this will be very nice,' he promised and poured me
a glass of what turned out to be very warm lager." Bill Bryson, Neither Here Nor There: Travels in
Europe, 1991, p. 18.
- "The old man munched his sandwich, drank his lager, and
watched pretty girls, with a smile of innocent pleasure." Robert
A. Heinlein, Citizen of the Galaxy, 1982, p. 252.
- "Give an Irishman lager for a month, and he's a dead
man. An Irishman is lined with copper, and the beer corrodes it. But
whiskey polishes the copper and is the saving of him, sir." Mark
Twain, Life on the Mississippi.
- "Should he say that the State Constable was enforcing
the liquor law on whiskey, but was winking at lager?" Edward
Everett Hale, The Brick Moon and Other Stories, 1899.
- "The popular notion that lager-beer, ale, wine, or
alcohol in any other form, is in any degree necessary or beneficial to
a nursing woman, is a great error, which cannot be too often noticed
and condemned." John Harvey Kellogg, Plain Facts for Old and Young: Natural
History and Hygiene of Organic Life, 1877.
- "'He catapulted balls of fire across the room that
Godzilla would be proud of, but this was not enough to win him first
prize since the judgement is made on the quality of flames and the
singing, and after fifteen bottles of lager he was badly out of
tune.'" Wendy Northcutt, The Darwin
Awards, 2000, p. 126.
- "Blackwell hadn't said two words to anybody, drinking
lager instead of sake and packing his food away as though he were
trying to plug something, some gap in security that could be taken
care of if you stuffed it methodically with enough sashimi."
William Gibson, Idoru, 1997, p. 248.
- More books and products related to lager beer, lager
- lammergeier, lammergeyer, lammergeir
- from Lämmergeier "lamb vulture":
another name for the Bearded Vulture (Gypaëtus barbatus),
nowadays called Bartgeier in German.
- "Lammergeyer of the Alps." Caption of an engraving
by Chas. Parsons depicting a man fending off an attacking vulture with
a stick. Jacob Abbott, Aboriginal America, 1860.
- "Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus in
Caucasia" A. Abuladze, in Journal für Ornithologie
1994, Sonderheft: Research Notes on Avian Biology 1994. As cited in
Aubrecht et al., Avian
Conservation Problems in Central and Eastern Europe and Northern Asia,
BirdLife Austria, Vienna, 1997, p. 8.
- "This bird; u catch eny distinguishin marx on it? It woz
a lammergeier, thas oll I no, but ther cant b oll that meny ov them
aroun thi norf-west cornir of thi grate hol ½ a our ago.
Lammergeiers r a bit funy theez days, but Il ask aroun." Iain M.
Banks, Feersum Endjinn, 1994, p. 58. This quote
suggested by dnh.
- lampenflora n.
- from Lampenflora "lamp flora": algae and
mosses which dwell within the artificial lighting of caves that have
been opened to the public. This entry suggested by Kristian Koehntopp.
- landau, landaulet, landaulette
- from Landau: a type of carriage or automobile, named
for Landau, Germany.
- "'Away they went, and I was just wondering whether I
should not do well to follow them when up the lane came a neat little
landau, the coachman with his coat only half-buttoned, and his tie
under his ear, while all the tags of his harness were sticking out of
the buckles.'" Arthur Conan Doyle, A Scandal in Bohemia: Stories from the
Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, 1891.
- "She had something to suffer perhaps when they came into
contact again, in seeing Anne restored to the rights of seniority, and
the mistress of a very pretty landaulette; but she had a future to
look forward to, of powerful consolation." Jane Austen, Persuasion, 1818.
- "It was a landaulet, with a servant mounted on the
dickey." Washington Irving, Tales of a Traveller.
- Ländler, ländler,
landler, Landler n.
- "of or from Landl": a slow folk dance in 3/4 time,
considered to be the predecessor of the waltz,
named for Landl, Austria; the music for this dance [< dim. of Land
- "Joseph's cousin, Walpurga Moser, to an orchestra of
clarionet and zither, taught the family the country dances, the
Steierisch and the Landler, and gained their hearts during the
lessons." Robert Louis Stevenson, Memoir of Fleeming Jenkin.
- "Ländler for Piano" Schroeder's Greatest Hits, composed by
Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, et al., 1992
- More CDs and products related to ländler
- landsknecht n.
- from Landsknecht "servant or soldier of the
country or land": a European mercenary foot soldier of the 16th
century, armed with a pike or halberd.
- "One Sunday as [Martin] Luther was going out of church
he was accosted by a landsknecht, who complained of being constantly
tempted of the devil, and told how he often came to him, and
threatened to bear him away." M. Michelet, The life of Martin Luther, gathered from
his own writings, 1858, p. 225.
- "The drill and discipline of these unwieldy landsknecht
regiments, which often swelled up from 4,000 to 10,000 men, were
suited to the battle-fields of those days." J.G. Heck, Icenographic encyclopaedia of science,
literature & art, 1860, p. 43.
Lansquenet is much played by the Americans, and is one of the most
exciting games in vogue.
Note:  This name is derived from the German 'landsknecht' ('valet
of the fief'), applied to a mercenary soldier." Andrew Steinmetz,
Gaming Table: Its Votaries and Victims
in All Times and Countries Especially in England and in France, 1870,
- More books and products related to landsknecht
- Landsturm n.
- "land storm": in Germany and other countries, a
general levy in time of war of men under sixty not already in the armed
services or in the reserve.
- Landtag n.
- "land day": the legislative assembly of a German
- "At this time the future maker of the German Empire rose
in the Landtag and made his bow before the world; a young Prussian
land-magnate, Otto von Bismarck by name, he shook his fist in the face
of the new German liberalism, and incidentally of the new German
infidelity:" Upton Sinclair, The Profits of Religion: An Essay in
Economic Interpretation, 1918.
- "The Landtag, exasperated at his high-handed methods,
refused to give him the necessary credits." Hendrik Willem Van
Loon, The Story of Mankind, 1921.
- Landwehr n.
- "land defense": in Germany and other countries, the
military reserve of trained men. See also Wehrmacht.
- from Langlauf "long run": a cross-country
- from Langläufer "long runner": a
participant in a cross-country ski run.
n. [pl. lautverschiebungen]
- from Lautverschiebung "sound shift":
(linguistics) sound shifting [< German Laut
"sound" + Verschiebung "shift"]. This
entry suggested by Marek
- "Grimm was the first to discover a regular system of
displacement of sounds (lautverschiebung) pervading the
Gothic and Low German languages as compared with Greek and
Latin." William Smith, Dr. William Smith's dictionary of the
Bible, 1868-70, p. 3291.
- "Until a rational account of these changes, comprehended
under the name of Lautverschiebung, is given, we must
continue to look upon them, not as the result of phonetic decay, but
of dialectic growth." Max Müller, Chips from a
German workshop, 1871-1881, p. 101.
- leberwurst, liverwurst,
leber wurst n.
- from Leberwurst "liver sausage": a usually
spreadable sausage containing liver. Apparently liverwurst is
chiefly American and Australian while the British say liver
sausage or liver pudding. Leberwurst is much less
common in English. [Leberwurst is a loanword; liverwurst
is a part translation]. See also wurst and
knackwurst. This entry suggested by Günther Graf.
- "Some liverwurst so old and gray/One smelled it from a
mile away...." Roald Dahl, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, 1998,
- "She sliced an onion and set it out with liverwurst and
mustard and a long reddish herring that looked like a person's tongue.
Art fixed himself a liverwurst-onion-herring sandwich that made Diana
blanch." Garrison Keillor, Wobegon Boy, 1997, p. 193.
- "The beer flowed in rivers, and yet the people were
always thirsty (the consummation most devoutly wished), or, if not
thirsty, huge slices of leberwurst soon made them so."
W.W. Wright, Doré. By a stroller in Europe,
1857, p. 248.
- "The women, health-conscious, ate a sandwich with curd
cheese, I had a sandwich with liverwurst." Gert Hofmann, The Film Explainer, 1996.
Matthau as Hamilton Bartholomew: "I've got liverwurst,
liverwurst, chicken and liverwurst."
Audrey Hepburn as Regina Lampert: "No, thank you."
Audrey Hepburn: "May I have a sandwich, please?"
Walter Matthau: "Chicken or liverwurst?"
Charade, directed by Stanley Donen,
- "The liverwurst solution", Robert B. Reich, American Prospect, Jun. 11, 2000, p. 56.
- Lebensraum, Lebensraum
- "living space": living space; territory for
political and economic expansion: term of German imperialism.
- lebkuchen, Lebkuchen n.
- from Lebkuchen "lebkuchen": a Christmas
cookie flavored with honey and spices, very similar to gingerbread,
also called Pfefferkuchen or brauner Kuchen in parts
of Germany. Lebkuchen is used in southern and western Germany
and Austria [< Middle High German lebkuoche, lebekuoche
< perhaps Middle High German leip, related to English loaf
+ kuoche "cake"]. See further example under gemutlich. See also kuchen.
- "In a series of 65 passion sermons, he elaborated a
comparison between Christ and a ginger cakethe German Lebkuchen."
Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church.
- "Some cookies are so strongly identified with a
particular country--German lebkuchen, for example--they're as national
as a flag." "Cookies, Spice, and Everything Nice", Better Homes and Gardens, Nov. 1999.
- "Classic almond recipes include trout amandine (which
means 'with almonds'), marzipan, and German lebkuchen."
"Nuts to you", Better Homes and Gardens, Feb. 1997.
- "Also bake lebkuchen, pfeffernusse, or other cookies
that need a few weeks to soften." Janet Bailey, "30 days to
a perfect Christmas", Ladies' Home Journal, Dec. 1997.
- "Certainly some of the things the Trapp family does at
Christmas are not entirely suited to the Heath family. I know. I know.
And somegive me that muchI didn't even try. Like baking
the traditional Spekulatius on December 6 (St. Nicholas's Day), for
instance; or the traditional Kletzenbrot on December 21 (St. Thomas's
Day); or even the traditional Lebzelten, Lebkuchen, Spanish Wind,
Marzipan, Rum Balls, Nut Busserln, Coconut Busserln, Stangerln,
Pfeffernusse, and Plain Cookies on December 23." Aloise Buckley
Heath, "A Trapp Family Christmas: An NR tradition", National Review, Dec. 31, 2000.
- lederhosen, Lederhosen
- from Lederhosen "leather trousers":
knee-length leather trousers worn especially in Bavaria and Austria. In
contrast to English the singular Lederhose in German is one
pair of leather trousers while the plural Lederhosen is more
than one pair. See further examples under dirndl,
- "General: Who's not on our side yet?
Captain: Umm... Switzerland?
General: Great. We'll kick their little lederhosen butts!" Scott
Adams, The Dilbert Future: Thriving on Business
Stupidity in the 21st Century, 2000, p. 200.
- "After bitter legal proceedings, Uwe of Brandenburg
found that he had lost everything but his lederhosen
knickerbockers." Wendy Northcutt, The
Darwin Awards II, 2001, p. 19.
- "For one thing, there's a good chance that there will be
three guys in lederhosen playing polka
music, so you have to look carefully through the windows and question
the proprietor closely to make sure that Willi and the Bavarian Boys
won't suddenly bound onto a little stage at half-past eight, because
there is nothing worse than being just about to tuck into your dinner,
a good book propped in front of you, and finding yourself surrounded
by ruddy-faced Germans waving beer steins
and singing the 'Horst Wessel Lied' for all
they're worth." Bill Bryson, Neither Here Nor There: Travels in
Europe, 1991, p. 87.
- "In Mariazell, too, I bought LederhosenAustrian
leather shortssuspenders, and knee socks." George W. Long,
"Occupied Austria, Outpost of Democracy" National Geographic, Jun. 1951, p. 775.
- "In his locker downstairs he [the tuba player] keeps a
pair of lederhosen for freelance jobs." Garrison Keillor,
"The Young Lutheran's Guide to the Orchestra" Lake Wobegon Loyalty Days, Emd/Angel,
- "That attendant was wearing lederhosen", Jim Davis,
- 4" Grinch Action Figures: Lederhosen Grinch
- More toys and products related to lederhosen
- Lehrstück n.
- from Lehrstück "teaching piece": a
learning or teaching play, a form of theatre used by Bertolt Brecht
[< lehren "to teach" + Stück
- "At the height of anti-Wagnerism the pair [Bertolt
Brecht and Kurt Weill] produced both alternative kinds of opera and
anti-operatic Lehrstücke, Brecht's greatest critique of
opera. Most projects in this period are written with Weill, although
he also worked on Lehrstücke with Paul Hindemith and Hanns
Eisler." Joy H. Calico, Brecht at the Opera, 2008, p. 6.
- Lehrstücke at Wikipedia
- More books and products related to Lehrstück, Lehrstücke
- leitmotiv, leitmotif n.
- from Leitmotiv "leading theme": a clearly
defined musical or literary theme.
- "All the early sagas rest on that idea, which continues
to be the Leitmotiv of the biblical tales dealing with the
relation of man to God, to the State, to society." Emma Goldman,
Anarchism and Other Essays.
- "In Martin Luther's Christmas hymn 'Vom Himmel hoch da
komm' ich her [From heaven above to earth I come],' which was to
become the leitmotiv in each successive cantata of Johann Sebastian
Bach's Christmas Oratorio of 1734-35, another angel was presented as
saying, to the shepherds of Bethlehem and through them to all the
world, 'Euch its ein Kindlein heut' geborn,/Von einer Jungfrau
auserkoren [To you this day is born a Child, from an elect
Virgin].'" Jaroslav Pelikan, Mary Through the Centuries: Her Place in
the History of Culture, 1998.
- "One theme had recurred so frequently in these
conversations that it had become the leitmotif of the trip: 'Please,
don't think of us as Russians. We are not Russians. We are Estonians
[or Latvians or Lithuanians, depending on the location].'" Jack
F. Matlock, Jr., Autopsy on an Empire: The American
Ambassador's Account of the Collapse of the Soviet Union, 1995.
- "Duchamp introduces these two elements in a note,
entitled Preface, that would become a leitmotif in his life and work:
Given 1st the waterfall/2nd the lighting gas ..." Calvin Tomkins,
Duchamp: A Biography, 1998.
- "The word 'power' runs like a leitmotif through other
descriptions of Theodore Senior: he was a person of inexorable
drive." Edmund Morris, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, 2001.
- "I suspect it is a whimsical leitmotif she sees,
hydrangeas, ponds, rivers suspended idly in fat and fiber, floating
serenely." Spencer Nadler, The Language of Cells: Life As Seen
Under the Microscope, 2001.
- leitmotif, by Dredg, 1999
- More CDs and products related to leitmotif
- Liebfraumilch, Liebfraunmilch,
- a style of semi-sweet white German wine [< Liebfrauenmilch
"Beloved Lady's (the Virgin Mary's) milk"]. See also frau, milch.
- lied, lied, Lied, Lied n. [pl. lieder, lieder, Lieder, Lieder]
- from Lied "song": a German lyric or song;
the major song form in the 19th and 20th
centuries, developed in Austria and Germany. See further example under
- "Instead, Schumann-Heink sang her lieder for
them; McCutcheon talked and cartooned for them; Madame
Bloomfield-Zeisler played." Edna Ferber, Fanny Herself, 1917.
- "'If you learn a great many of the Lieder, you
will know the German language already.'" Willa Cather, The Song of the Lark.
- "That he could play pieces, and difficult pieces, I knew
well, because at my request he has played me some of Mendelssohn's
Lieder, and other favourites." Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet, 1887.
- Poetry into Song: Performance and
Analysis of Lieder, by Deborah Stein, 1996
- Irving Berlin: Lieder, performed by Dick
Hyman, Marilyn Horne et al., 2000
- More books, CDs and products related to lieder
- "garland of songs": a collection or group of songs;
a men's singing society; a soft cheese similar to but milder than
Limburger, produced in New York State in 1892: a trademark [< Lieder
pl. of Lied "song" + Kranz "wreath,
- "The Lansing Liederkranz Club, a German-American singing
and fellowship society, was founded in 1868." Tim Martin,
"German influence strong here", Lansing State Journal,
Jun. 9, 2002.
- Linzer torte, linzer
torte, linzertorte n.
- from Linzer Torte "fancy cake from Linz": a
pastry filled with red jam and covered with a lattice crust that is
made of finely ground nuts [< Linz "a city in
Austria" + -er "from the place of" + Torte
"a (fancy) cake"].
- "I baked linzertortes for dessert." Ruth Reichl, Tender at the Bone: Growing Up at the
Table, 1999, p. 171.
- "This cheerful cafe features frilly decor and sublime
pastriesfrom apple scones and Linzer tortes to fruit flan,
decadent chocolate mousse, and carrot caketo accompany the latte
and espresso." Jeanette Foster, Frommer's Hawaii 2007, 2006, p. 261.
- "We want to lose ten pounds and eat linzer torte."
Nancy Kress, Beginnings, Middles & Ends, 1999, p.
- "One bite of her Linzer torte with its buttery
shortbread told me I had encountered a rare talent." Jax Peters
Lowell, The Gluten-free Bible: The Thoroughly
Indispensable Guide to Negotiating Life Without Wheat, 2005, p. 124.
- "He caught the attention of a passing waiter: 'A Linzer
torte for my friend, plenty of schlag on it.'" Alan Furst, Dark Star, 2002, p. 207. Schlag
is Austrian for whipped cream.
- "My car doors open, and we five Bauers pile out, each
holding a remarkable cheesecake, a key lime pie, or a linzer
torte." Joel Bauer & Mark Levy, How to Persuade People Who Don't Want to
be Persuaded: Get What You Want Every Time!, 2004, p. 127.
- "It's spring, but I was still cataloguing the different
kinds of snow: snow that falls dry but is rained on; snow that melts
down into hard crusts; wind-driven snow that looks blue; powder snow
on hardpack on powder a Linzertorte of snow." Gretel
Ehrlich, "Spring" The Best American Essays, edited by
Robert Atwan, 2003, p. 181.
- More books and products related to Linzer torte, Linzertorte
- loden, Loden
- from Loden: a coarse woolen cloth; a coat made of
loden; the color of loden.
- liverwurst n.
- See leberwurst.
- loess n.
- from Löß: a loam deposit resulting from
materials finer than sand deposited by the wind [< lösen
"to loosen, dissolve"].
- "We have evidence in the loess of the Rhine of
considerable changes of level in the land within a very recent
geological period, and when the surface was peopled by existing land
and fresh-water shells." Charles Darwin, On the
Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation
of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, 1859.
- "These dirt-cliffs, or 'loess,'' to give them their
scientific name, are remarkable banks of brownish-yellow loam, found
largely in Northern and Western China, and rising sometimes to a
height of a thousand feet." Elbridge Streeter Brooks, Historic girls; stories of girls who
have influenced the history of their times, 1891.
- Landslides in the Thick Loess Terrain of
North-West China, edited by Edward Derbyshire, Xingmin Meng, Tom A.
- Land of the Fragile Giants: Landscapes,
Environments, and Peoples of the Loess Hills, edited by Cornelia
Fleischer Mutel, Mary Swander, 1994
- More books and products related to loess
- LSD, LSD-25
- from LSD: a drug that produces states similar to
those of schizophrenia, used in medicine and illicitly as a strong
hallucinogen [abbr. of Lysergsäure-Diäthylamid,
not of lysergic acid diethylamide,
as some dictionaries will have one believe]. This entry suggested by Olaf.
- "You know what getting back to nature to me is? Just
this, living day to day, working hard and taking what the land gives
you, and that has nothing to do with face paint or LSD or bell-bottom
pants ..." T.C. Boyle, Drop
City, 2004, p. 306.
- "A respected Princeton mathematician gets turned on to
LSD, takes a several-year sabbatical in the caves of the Himalayas
during which he trips his brains out, then returns to the university
and dedicates himself to finding equations to map the shapes in his
psychedelic visions." Douglas Rushkoff, Cyberia: Life in the Trenches of
- More books and products related to LSD
- luftmensch, Luftmensch n. [pl. luftmenschen]
- related to luft "air" + mensch
"person": an impractical contemplative person having no
definite business or income [< Yiddish luftmentsch < luft
"air" < German Luft "air" + mentsch
"person" < German Mensch "person"]. See
also Luftwaffe, mensch.
- "Both babas structured their practice as radically
disjunctive from the material world through their literal embodiment
as luftmenschen." p. 280, "For most old men with access to
the rhetorical possibilities of Sannyasa, even a partial
relocation of their identity from home to interstice was insufficient
to transform their relations with family and neighbors from the
pathetic request of the old grandfather to the inviolate liminality of
the luftmensch." p. 284, Lawrence Cohen, No Aging in India: Alzheimer's, the Bad
Family, and Other Modern Things, 1998.
- "He is a Luftmensch, a lost soul as adrift as Le Carre's
similarly abandoned George Smiley..." Nicholas Fraser,
"Darkness visible: the intrigues of Alan Furst", Harper's Magazine, Jul. 2003.
- "Despite Florence Rubenfeld's 1997 biography of
[Clement] Greenberg, the story of how this inveterate luftmensch found
his way to art criticism and why he was so well prepared for it has
been told only sketchily." Raphael Rubinstein, "The Harold Letters 1928-1943: The Making
of an American Intellectual - Review", Art in America, Dec. 2000.
- "[Gene] McCarthy was a charming guy, but a Luftmensch:
In the Senate he had been one of LBJ's pocket votes, had planned to
nominate Johnson against Kennedy at Los Angeles in 1960, was raised by
Hubert Humphrey in the Minnesota Democratic--Farm Labor Party, and
resigned from the national board of ADA in 1960 when we endorsed Jack
Kennedy!" John P. Roche, "Indochina revisited; the demise of
liberal internationalism", National Review, May 3, 1985.
- "Sweetness, innocence, violin music and intelligence
mingled in his personality. He [Danny Pearl] had something of the
luftmensch, the Jewish prince. He did his best thinking, he told his
friend Karen Edwards, after he had dropped out of journalism for a
while to work at a convenience store in Sun Valley, Idaho, and sat at
the counter, bored and lost in thought." Philip Weiss,
"Merrily, He Rolled: Pearl Was Exuberant, Deeply Cultured",
The New York Observer, Mar. 4, 2002.
- "If it [the Holocaust] ends the possibility of the
Jewish luftmensch, living outside of history, it gives us a people
returned to land, to power, and the body, faced with the dilemma of
balancing survival with the need to be faithful to a reality larger
than the self." Judith Plaskow, "The Spirit of Renewal:
Crisis and Response in Jewish Life - book reviews", Tikkun, Jan.-Feb. 1993.
- from Luftwaffe "air weapon, air force": the
German air force. This entry suggested by Fritz Kuhnd. See also luftmensch.
- "Consecrated on the tenth of February in 1185 by
Heraclius, Patriarch of Jerusalem, the Temple Church survived eight
centuries of political turmoil, the Great Fire of London, and the
First World War, only to be heavily damaged by Luftwaffe incendiary
bombs in 1940." Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code, 2003, p. 343.
- "Later, Hermann Goering invited him to see the
newly-forming Luftwaffe in action." Eloise Engle & Lauri
Paananen, The Winter War: The Soviet Attack on
Finland 1939-1940, 1973, p. 59.
- "Although Britain did not have the air power (brute
force) of Hitler's Luftwaffe, England had radar, giving it
information." Peter McWilliams, Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do: The
Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in Our Free Country, 1996.
- "General Loehr, a Luftwaffe officer, had been in command
of the Fourth Air Force in Russia before receiving his new appointment
as commander in the Balkans; he had also commanded the task force
which captured Crete in May 1941." Robert M. Kennedy, Hold the Balkans!: German Antiguerrilla
Operations in the Balkans 1941-1944, 2001.
- "We got most of the bombs the Luftwaffe hadn't had time
to drop on London." Claire Bloom, Leaving a Doll's House: A Memoir, 1998.
- More books and products related to Luftwaffe
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